The term vampire was first used in English language in 1734 as vampyre. But it was believed to exist in prehistoric times too, many stone monument showed demons in it. Many countries across the globe that their own version of vampire- the blood sucking demon. The most famous vampire was count Dracula. A vampire supposedly has control over the animal world and can turn into a bat, rat, owl, moth, fox, or wolf.
The Vampire bats species feed mainly on cattle, horses, tapirs and turkeys. If they do dine on humans, they usually go for the big toe, not the neck, but can only manage two tablespoons at one sitting. Their saliva contains “draculin”, which prevents the blood they are drinking from clotting.
There was a rare disease called porphyria it was also called the “vampire” or “Dracula” disease. This disease causes vampire like symptoms, such as an extreme sensitivity to sunlight and sometimes hairiness. In extreme cases, teeth might be stained reddish brown, and eventually the patient may go mad.
There were few real life people who believed to vampires. Countess Elizabeth Bathory (1560-1614) who was accused of biting the flesh of girls while torturing them and bathing in their blood to retain her youthful beauty. She was by all accounts a very attractive woman. She was called as “True vampire”.
Vlad (means son of the dragon or Dracula ) of Walachia, also known as Vlad the Impaler (1431-1476). He had a habit of nailing hats to people’s heads, skinning them alive, and skewering them on upright stakes. He also liked to dip bread into the blood of his enemies and eat it. Though Vlad the Impaler was murdered in 1476, his tomb is reported empty. He is said to be identified as the historical Dracula.
The Vampire myth is not only seen in Europe but also in Asia, such as China. A Chinese vampire is called as corpse hopper or ch’iang shih. It was characterized with high sexual drive with crooked claws and red eyes. It was believed to attack young womens.